iOS

Let’s hack with Location! 😛

This article discusses the use of the iOS CoreBluetooth framework, to detect surrounding devices and calculate an estimated distance. Enjoy the reading. 🤓

Goal 👊

Make an app that can scan and discover other BT peripherals and display them on a UITableView. To achieve this, we need a timer to schedule the scan for the surrounding devices. The timer fire every 3 seconds, but you can tweak it, based on what you need. Keep in mind that shorter timer could drain your battery.

Let’s code 🙌

To achieve our goal first of all we need to import 2 libraries (besides UIKit):

  • AudioToolbox
  • CoreBluetooth

We’ll use AudioToolbox to notify the user when a device is discovered (by vibration) and the Core Bluetooth framework provides the classes needed for your apps to communicate with Bluetooth-equipped low energy (BLE) and Basic Rate wireless technology.

To manage discovered or connected remote peripheral devices including scanning for discovering and connecting to advertising peripherals, we need a CBCentralManager object. Then we set the outlet for the table view and the Timer property:

Kalman Filter uses a statistical predictive model to try to discern the difference between noise and signal, and filter out the noise. There are many variants of Kalman Filters, and different variants may be better or worse at reducing noise in specific conditions.

Now I declare the item dictionary in order to keep reference for every single Kalman Filter associated to each device:

As said before we want the scan to be done every three seconds so let’s create a private method that programs the timer and starts the scan:

In this way the scanForPeripherals() method will be triggered every three seconds, let’s define it:

So the delegate that receives central events is our ViewController. The only required method is centralManagerDidUpdateState(_:) the central manager invoke it when its state updates, thereby indicating the availability of the central manager and we’ll use it to to manage bluetooth based on its status. We have different states, but the only two we need to consider are .poweredOff and .poweredOn; In fact we want to stop scanning peripherals when BT is turned off and instead we want to start it when is turned on:

Now, how do we know if we found a device? The method centralManager(_:didDiscover:advertisementData:rssi:) tells the delegate the central manager discovered a peripheral while scanning for devices:

Now we only need to setup our tableView:

For the full project, you can find it on my GitHub → there ❇️

Now run and enjoy your new distance alert system! 😈

Android

Creating a custom password text toggle for Android

by Nicola Cisternino and Giampietro Fronteddu, Android Mobile Engineers at OverApp.
April 6, 2020
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